Tools, Resources and Advice
The University of Oklahoma Electronic and Information Technology and Multimedia Accessibility Policy Standards Checkpoints
The University of Oklahoma assembled a set of web site and software accessibility standards as a part of its Electronic and Information Technology and Multimedia Accessibility Policy.
To help content authors, content managers, web site designers and application developers apply the standards we have assembled a set of checkpoints. These will help you to check your content or web pages for accessibility.
Quickly make your content more accessible
There are a few things that you can do to remove barriers to accessibility. Below are some references that will get you going:
- NCDAE Microsoft Word Cheat Sheet
- NCDAE Microsoft PowerPoint Cheat Sheet
- NCDAE Adobe Acrobat Cheat Sheet
- WebAIM Web Accessibility Principles Quick Reference
- Microsoft Word accessibility suggestions from our own workshop.
- WebAIM has a lot of resources on other specific topics on their Articles page. Scroll through it to see more information about accessibility in general and a lot about how to make specific content accessible.
National and State Accessibility Standards
Accessibility is pretty well defined through sets of standards put out by the State of Oklahoma, The United States Access Board and the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and its Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI). You can read the standards and some information that helps to interpret them in the following links:
- The State of Oklahoma's Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility (EITA) standards
- The State of Oklahoma's EITA Technical Assistance Document provides general examples of what to look for and how to implement Oklahoma's standards.
- The United States Section 508 standards are the basis for the United States' and the State of Oklahoma's standards. Section 508 is part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, amended in 1998.
- World Wide Web Consortium Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 (WCAG 2.0) This is an excellent, though very thorough resource that explains everything about the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines.
- Techniques for WCAG 2.0 This page links to various resources that answer the question, "How do I actually make my content accessible?" There are resources for web pages, PDF documents and general techniques.
Making the WCAG standards a little easier to sort through:
- WCAG 2.0 Quick Reference from the source, the World Wide Web Consortium.
- Another way to narrow WCAG 2.0 down
- One more take on finding what you need in WCAG 2.0
Accessibility Testing Tools
It may not be as difficult to do some basic accessibility testing on your web page as you think. A few helpful tools will go a long way to getting you familiar with the techniques that can make your site accessible both technically and functionally.
Here are some of the tools that we use commonly, with a brief description of each tool:
- The WAVE toolbar for Firefox is a plugin that provides instant feedback on a single web page. Easy to use, and great for pages that you have to log in to.
- The WAVE Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool can be more accurate, but will not work on a page that you have to log in to. This is the web page version of the WAVE toolbar.
- Juicy Studio Accessibility Toolbar is another Firefox plugin that helps you check tables and color contrast in particular. The Colour Contrast Analyzer in this toolbar cannot check colors within images and figures.
- The Paciello Group's Internet Explorer Toolbar is an add-on for Internet Explorer that combines many of the tools and features of other toolbars on this list.
- The Paciello Group's Contrast Analyser is a standalone tool that you can download and run from your computer. You can even use it to check contrast within images and figures.
- The Non-Visual Desktop Access (NVDA) screen reader is a screen reader that does not require a payment to use. But they live on donations, so please consider donating to keep the project going!